MANAGUA – The Nicaraguan government announced on Monday that it has joined the Paris Accord, which it had previously refused to adhere to claiming that the pact’s measures were insufficient to deal with climate change and global warming.
The move now leaves the US and Syria as the world’s only two nations who do not adhere to the accord.
“In the name of the people of Nicaragua, as head of state and of government, I declare that the government of the Republic of Nicaragua, for the reasons already set forth and having examined the said accord, adheres to it and commits itself to faithfully fulfilling its requirements,” said Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega in a letter released in Managua.
Ortega signed the document making the country part of the accord in Managua along with his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, last Friday, the statement said.
The Paris Accord was approved and opened for signing at the UN headquarters in New York on April 22, 2016.
The Nicaraguan government initially abstained from signing the pact because, it said, the accord should be obligatory and that the countries that are the planet’s biggest polluters should make greater efforts to control climate change.
Nicaragua at the time urged that “common but differentiated responsibilities” be imposed on different nations demanding that the biggest polluters be required to make written commitments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
The Ortega government now says that the great majority of the world’s nations, both developed and developing, have assumed the commitments to join together and augment their efforts in the face of the increase in high-cost natural disasters that are taking many lives and causing ever greater material damage.
“In the same manner, we are uniting efforts to halt and reduce the high levels of pollution that are poisoning the planet,” the Nicaraguan government said.
Ortega said that the Paris Accord, “despite not being the ideal agreement, is the only instrument that currently allows that unity of intentions and efforts.”
The accord is the first planet-wide agreement against global warming and was adopted on Dec. 12, 2015, in the French capital by 195 nations.
The pact is designed to replace the Kyoto Protocol in 2020 and is aimed at holding the increase in average global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels.