LIMA Ė Peruís Indecopi regulatory agency slapped fines totaling 6.6 million soles ($1.9 million) on 34 dialysis clinics found to have conspired to force the EsSalud public health system to pay them higher fees.
Indecopiís Commission for the Defense of Free Competition established that 34 of the 39 firms investigated took part in the collusion.
The dialysis clinics boycotted five rounds of bidding during the 2010-2012 period to pressure EsSalud into accepting their demands for a new fee structure with a higher base.
The clinics facing sanctions argued that their actions should not be described as price-fixing, given that EsSalud determines the fee structure.
But the Commission ruled that any coordinated action intended to determine the price of goods or services is a price-fixing scheme and must be penalized.
The companies can appeal the fines before a separate Indecopi panel.