LIMA – A team of Peruvian archaeologists found four pre-Columbian tombs 1,100 years old at Huaca Pucllana, one of Lima’s principal archaeological sites, located in the upscale residential district of Miraflores, archaeologist Mirella Ganoza said.
The four human remains discovered are of three women and a man of the Ichma culture, whose tombs were found at the peak of the stepped pyramid that forms part of the ancient Huaca Pucllana ceremonial center, Ganoza said.
The specialist said the bodies were placed in a seated position facing southeast, wrapped in fabrics, cords and accompanied by such offerings as ceramic receptacles.
“We also found in the tombs instruments like needles, rolls of thread and lengths of cloth, which tells us they worked in the textile industry,” Ganoza said.
The director of the Huaca Pucllana Site Museum and of the archaeological project, Isabel Flores, told EFE that discovering the bodies on sacred ground indicates the importance these people had for their community.
Flores noted that the find gives us a better idea about the history of ancient Peru, new data about the Ichma culture and in particular about the life of the Miraflores district’s first inhabitants.
The data obtained also provides further confirmation of the presence of the Ichma culture at Huaca Pucllana between the years 1000 and 1450.
The ceremonial center was constructed around the year 400 by the Lima culture – developed between the years 100 and 600 – and was later invaded by the Huari culture from the Peruvian mountains between the years 550 and 900, to be finally settled by the Ichma, its last pre-Columbian occupants.
The Huaca Pucllana archaeological project was launched 35 years ago with the support of the Miraflores Municipality in coordination with Peru’s Culture Ministry.
The excavations carried out at Huaca Pucllana confirm that members of the Ichma culture settled at the foot of west side of the stepped pyramid where they could dry their crops and where they made offerings of ceramic containers and food.