ASTANA – Senior officials of Brazil and Kazakhstan met on Wednesday to sign an extradition treaty and two other agreements on judicial cooperation.
Besides extradition, Kazakh Attorney General Kairat Kozhamzharov and Brazilian Justice Minister Torquato Jardim put their signatures to an accord allowing Brazilian and Kazakh nationals convicted of crimes in the other country to serve their sentences in their homeland and a pact on mutual assistance in criminal matters.
“We are talking with both the minister of justice and attorney general’s office on legal cooperation in civil matters and criminal matters,” Jardim told EFE.
“That is to say extradition, recover assets, exchange of prisoners, obstruction of enforcement, all the legal means that make relationships more modern, overcoming long held traditions of judicial relations,” the Brazilian official said.
For the Brazilian minister, “the legal world should be as modern as technology is modern and therefore, direct communications, certification of documents by ourselves instead of going through institutional bodies.”
“Organized crime is universal and very quick to adapt. They know no legal system. They pledge allegiance to no flag so we have to not beat them in speed, but match their speed. And the only way that governments can do that under the law, by the law, for the law is to improve, minimize bureaucracy among ourselves,” Jardim said.
Brazil is the 20th country worldwide and the first in the Americas to sign judicial cooperation agreements with the Central Asian country.
Last year, Kazakhstan became the first nation outside the Western Hemisphere to adhere to three Inter-American pacts in the area of criminal law: the 1933 convention on extradition; the 1992 convention on mutual assistance in criminal matters, and the 1993 convention on serving criminal sentences abroad.
The Kazakh Attorney General’s Office said the treaties signed Wednesday were part of efforts to create a legal framework for cooperation in the fight against crime and the protection of civil rights.
“Within the framework of the agreements, it is possible to conduct procedural actions in criminal cases on the territory of another state, extradition of wanted persons, as well as the transfer of our citizens sentenced to imprisonment in another state, to serve their sentences in their homeland,” the AG Office said.